A. (Matt 14:13 (15:32-); Mark 6:33 (8:1-9); Luke
B. Luke 9:10 -Bethsaida (beth-say×uh-duh); Heb., 'house of the fisherman') on northeast side of Sea of Galilee; different from the one in Jn 12:21.
A. "signs" (semeion) = a sign consisting
of a wonder or miracle; the sign or distinguishing mark by which someth.
is known; Jn 6:14
B. Healing the sick was a sign of God.
A. Denarius - a day's wage (Matt 20:2); silver coin of the realm = 10 donkeys, 18 cents
A. Andrew = Right Man - brother of Simon Peter (Jn 1:44) from Bethsaida on the Sea of Galilee, and was originally a disciple of John the Baptist (Jn 1:35, 40)
A. barley bread was the food of lower-income people
B. opsarion = cooked food eaten with bread; tidbit; preserved fish
The other Gospels all say fish, ichthuas
27 Spiritual Food
Stop working for the food which perishes, but for the Food (Bread of Life) that endures to Eternal Life, which the Son of Man will give you, for God the Father has set His seal on this One.
A. "endures" (meno) = remain, last, persist, continue
to live; endure
B. Eccl 5:15-16; 6:7; Isa 55:2; Hab 2:13; Matt 6:19; Lu 10:40-42; 1 Tim 6:7
C. "seal" (sphragizo) = (provide with a) seal; attest, certify, acknowledge (as a seal does on a document)
A. Manna - Ex 16:14, 31; Nu. 11:7-8
Manna was preserved as the pot of manna in the Ark as symbolized by the Last Adam planet.
A. ek + ouranos, abl. = "out from
B. alethinos, adj. = true, genuine, real
C. The Father gives bread in Logistical Grace
33 Bread of Life
For you see, the bread from God is the One who comes down out from Heaven and gives Life to the world.
35 Bread of Life
Jesus said to them, "I am the Bread of Life. The one who comes to Me shall absolutely not become hungry, and the one who believes in Me shall absolutely never thirst.
A. Coming to Jesus refers to accepting Him in Salvation
B. ou me; = "unequivocally not" or "absolutely not"
The negative me; removes even the possibility.
C. The one who accepts Christ symbolically eats the Bread of Life.
The one who receives Salvation will never hunger for it again. The Bread of Life is symbolized by Table of Shewbread and the Savior Planet. It is symbolized by Faith at Salvation (the Gospel) and after Salvation (Bible Doctrine).
D. "and the one who believes in Me shall absolutely never thirst"
- Receiving Salvation is symbolized by drinking water (John 4:14; Rev 21:6; 22:1, 17)
- Never being thirsty symbolizes eternal security.
But I said to you that you have even seen Me; yet, you do not believe.
37 Eternal Security
All that the Father gives to Me shall come to Me, and the one who comes to Me I will absolutely not cast out.
A. The Father draws (Jn 6:44, 65; 12:32) and Jesus
Christ reaps the saved.
B. Not casting out refers to eternal security; once saved always saved.
For I have come down from Heaven, not in order that I might do My will, but rather the will of Him who sent Me.
A. The humanity of Christ in H/U is under the authority of the Father (Rom 5:19; Phil 2:8; Heb. 5:8)
"And this is the will of Him who sent Me, that of all which He has given Me I shall not lose any of it, but I will raise it up on the last day.
A. "I shall not lose any of it"
John 10:28-29; 17:12; 18:9
B. "on the last day" - of the Jewish Age at end of Tribulation; 2nd Advent
- The Lord will command the Church to be Resurrected (1 Thess 4:16) and OT saints (Jn 5:28-29); God raises the dead (Jn 5:21; Acts 2:24; 26:8; Rom 4:17; 6:4) and Holy Spirit performs the work (Rom 8:11).
A. Will of God - Matt 18:14; 1 Tim 2:4; 2 Pet 3:9
B. Believing - Mk 16:16; John 3:16, 18, 36; 11:25; Acts 16:31
A. gonguzo = to complain (Jn 6:43; 1 Cor
10:10; Hebrew lun (Nu 11:1; 14:29)
B. Crowd (Jn 6:22) is the same as the Jews.
A. gonguzo = to complain, grumble, murmur
- Impv. of entreaty - has the urgency of a request
44 Father Draws
No one is able to come to me unless the Father who sent Me draws him, and I will raise him up on the last day.
A. pros + ego = "to me" or "into
B. "draws" (elko) = to draw, attract; the pull on man's inner life; to drag (Acts 21:30); haul (Jn 21:6, 11)
a. SOS 1:4 – Hebrew mashak = to draw
b. Jn 12:32 (3:14, Nu 21:9); 6:65
C. "and I will raise him up on the last day"
- "and I" - Jesus Christ has a part in the Resurrection
- "last day" - end of the Jewish Age at 2nd Advent.
It is written in the prophets, 'And they shall all be those instructed by God.' Everyone who has heard from the Father and learned, comes to Me.
A. Isa 54:13; 1 Thess 4:9, theodidaktos =
taught, instructed by God
B. Disciples - Jn 8:31; 13:35, 15:8; 1 Jn 2:20, 27
C. "comes to Me" (pros + ego) = "face-to-face with Me"
Matt 11:28; Jn 5:40; 6:37, 65; 7:37
A. "Your fathers ate manna in the wilderness" manna,
from Hebrew man (Ex 16:15, man + hu') = "what is it?"
B. "and they died"
- They died physically the sin unto death (Nu 14:29).
I alone am the Living Bread which came down out from Heaven. If anyone eats from this Bread, he will live forever. Furthermore, the Bread which I shall really give on behalf of the life of the world is My flesh.
A. Eating of the Bread - believing in Christ.
B. "on behalf of the life of the world"
huper, prep. = "as a substitute for" or "on behalf of"
C. Christ, the substitute -
a. huper + ego, gen. (us) = "as a substitute for us" (Rom 5:8; 1 Cor 11:24; Eph 5:2; 1 Thess 5:10)
huper + asebes, gen. (godless) (Rom 5:6)
huper + laos, gen. = "as a substitute for the people" (Jn 11:50)
huper + suv, gen. (you) = "as a substitute for you" (no scripture)
huper + pas, gen. = "as a substitute for all"(2 Cor 5:14, 15)
huper + hamartia, gen. (sin) = "as a substitute for our sins"(1 Cor 15:3)
b. peri + hamartia, gen. = "on behalf of our sins" (1 Pet 3:18)
Therefore, the Jews began to argue in the face of one another, saying, "How can this man give us His flesh to eat?"
Then Jesus said to them, "Amen, Amen, I am saying to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink His blood, you do not possess Life in yourselves."
A. "Amen" (amen), emphatic part., from Aramaic
= amen; true and binding; truly;
a. It acknowledges what is valid and the validity of what is binding to the individual. It means that which is sure and valid.
b. Jesus Christ is the Amen (Rev. 3:14) - He obeys God and is thus, the reliable and true Witness of God. His amen means His sayings are reliable and true because He Himself bears witness of them and, thus, makes them valid.
B. "Son of Man" - humanity of Christ in H/U
The person who eats My flesh and drinks My blood, possesses Eternal Life. And I will raise him up on the Last Day.
A. "The person who eats My flesh"
- trogo = to eat; lit. "to gnaw,""to bite,""(audibly) to chew." and it then takes on the weaker sense "to eat," first of herbivorous animals, then men. (TDNT)
a. In v. 51 esthio is the general term for eating, as in eating a meal, but here trogo refers to eating vegetables and fruit. Thus, it is not cannibalism.
b. Eating the flesh of the humanity of Christ is a metaphor for believing in the impeccable Lord Jesus Christ in H/U.
B. Drinking the blood of Christ is a metaphor for believing in the Lord Jesus Christ, the Redeemer, and identification with Him in His substitutionary Spiritual death on the Cross.
For you see, My flesh is the true food, and My blood is the true drink.
A. True food (impeccable human nature) and true
drink (substitutionary Spiritual death on the Cross) refer to Salvation
a. The impeccable human body satisfies the +R of the Father and the substitutionary Spiritual Death satisfies the perfect Justice of the Father -> Propitiation.
b. John 6:27
The person who eats My flesh and drinks My blood, abides in Me and I abide in him.
A. trogo = to eat, implying fruit and vegetables;
from the audible sound of herbivorous animals chewing.
B. meno = to abide, reside
C. en + ego, loc. = "in the sphere of Me"
a. OT- Positional Sanctification (Jn 17:21, 23)
b. Positional Sanctification (Act 20:32; 1 Cor 1:2; 6:11; Heb 10:10)
D. "and I in the sphere of him"
a. OT - Abiding (Jn 17:23)
b. Church Age - Indwelling of Christ (Rom 8:10; Gal 2:20; Col 1:27)
Even as the Living Father sent Me on a mission, and I live because of the Father, likewise, the person who feeds on (faith) Me, that one also will Live because of Me.
A. apostello, (apo, from) + (stello,
send) = to send away; to send on a mission as an official representative;
lit., "to send someone off" from one's self (Wuest)
B. "and I live because of the Father"
He lives in H/U because of the Father
C. trogo = to eat, implying fruit and vegetables; from the audible sound of herbivorous animals chewing.
Faith - for Salvation and daily metabolization of Bible Doctrine
This is the Bread which came down from Heaven, not as your fathers ate and died; the person who eats this Bread will Live forever.
A. "not as your fathers ate and died"
- esthio = to eat (John 6:31, 49)
- They died the sin unto death
B. "the person who eats this Bread"
- trogo = to eat, implying fruit and vegetables; from the audible sound of herbivorous animals chewing.
- Faith in Christ at Salvation
A. didasko = to teach a. Teaching in the Synagogue - Jesus stood up to read the scripture (Luk 4:16). Then He sat down to teach the passage read (Luk 4:20). (TDNT) b. Inspired teaching (Jn. 8:28; 14:26; 1 Jn. 2:27).
Many of His disciples, therefore, having heard this, said, "This is a rough (problematic) statement. Who can learn it?"
But Jesus, knowing in Himself that His disciples were complaining concerning this, said to them, "Does this cause you to stumble in faith?"
A. gonguzo = to complain, grumble, murmur
(Jn 6:41, 43; 1 Cor 10:10; Hebrew lun (Nu 11:1; 14:29)
B. skandalizo = to cause to stumble in faith, cause loss of faith; to cause to stumble or fall (Jn 11:9; Rom 11:9; 14:13, 20); give offense, cause irritation (Matt 15:12); from Lat. and Sanskrit, to "to spring forward and back,""to slam to"; "the means whereby one closes something," e.g., the stick in a trap,; Satan's trap (Matt 16:23) (TDNT)
C. Being offended at Bible Doctrine is tantamount to loss of faith and rejection of the authority of the Teacher.
"What if you should observe the Son of Man ascending where He was before?"
"It is the Spirit who gives Life; the flesh is not useful for anything at all. The words that I have communicated to you are spirit and are Life."
A. "The words that I have communicated to you"
- "words" (rhema) = communicated word (Jn 3:34; 5:47; 6:68; Matt 12:36; Luk 1:38; 2:17; 20:26; Rom 10:8a, 18; 2 Cor 12:4; Eph 5:26; Heb 6:5; 12:19; 1 Pet 1:25; 2 Pet 3:2)
B. "are spirit and are Life" – refers to "breath of life" = "spark of life" (Gen 2:7) = Hebrew neshamah spark of life; (Gen 7:22; Job 26:4; Prov 20:27)
- "Life" (Deut 8:3 (Matt 4:4); 32:47; Job 33:4; Isa 38:16; Ezek 37:14; Act 7:38; Rom 8:2, 6; Heb 4:12; 1 Pet 1:23)
- Spiritual words feed the Spiritual Life.
"But there are some of you who do not believe." For you see, Jesus knew from the beginning who they were who were not believing, and who the one was who would be betraying Him.
A. Luk 9:62; Heb 10:38-39
B. Jesus knew from the beginning of His earthly ministry (Jn 16:4)
God the Father (Deity) always knew (Isa 46:9-10; Eph 1:4; 2 Thess 2:13; Titus 1:2; Jud 4, 1 Pet 2:8)
And He began saying, "Because of this I have said to you that no one is able to come into My presence unless it has been granted him from My Father."
A. "And He began saying," lego = to say,
- Inceptive impf. - signifies the initiation of a process; he began teaching them.
B. "Because of this I have said to you"
- eipon = to say
Consummative perf. - presents a consummated process
C. "unless it has been granted him from My Father"
didomi = grant someone the power or authority, give someone the right, (refer to Election, Infralapsarianism)
a. Consummative perf. - presents a consummated process
b. draw – SOS 1:4; Hos 11:4; John 6:65; 12:32
c. Matt 13:11; 19:11; Jn 3:27; 6:44, 65; 10:26-27 12:37-41 Phil 1:29; Col 1:27
(John 3:26-27; 6:37, 44; Rom 8:28-30; 1 Cor 7:17; 2 Ti 1:9) The Sovereign will of God is for the Elect to receive the Gospel in Common Grace (Jn 6:44; 16:8; 1 Thess 1:4; 1 Ti 2:4; 2 Pet 3:9); for those who will believe to receive Efficacious Grace (Jn 3:16; Eph 2:8-9); and for the faithful to be fed Bible Doctrine to grow in Grace (1 Pet 2:2; 2 Pet 3:18).
D. There is only one way of Salvation per the Tabernacle (Jn 14:6; Eph 2:18; 1 Ti 6:16)
As a result of this, many of His disciples went away to the things they had left, and they were no longer walking with Him.
A. They went into Reversionism and the leaders were
left alone (1 Sa 8:7; Job 3:1; Jer 15:10; 20:14; Hosea 4:6; Paul, Gal 1:6;
6:14; 2 Ti 4:11)
B. "and they were no longer walking with Him"
- peripateo = to walk around - refers to ordering the manner of life
Gal 5:4; Phil 3:18; 1 Ti 1:19; 2 Pet 2:1-22; 3:17
67 Consecration of the Disciples
Then Jesus said to the twelve, "You also do not want to go away, do you?"
68 Hope of Eternal Life
Simon Peter answered Him, "Lord, to whom shall we go? You possess the proclamation of Eternal Life."
69 Deity of Christ
Furthermore, we have believed and have perceived that You are the Holy One of God.
A. "Holy One" (Lev 11:44; 1 Pet 1:15; Eph. 1:4; 5:27; Col. 1:22; Rev 3:7; 4:8; 15:4)
70 Election of the Disciples
Jesus answered them, "Have not I Myself chosen you twelve? Yes. Yet, one from among you is the devil."
A. "Have not I Myself chosen you twelve"
- eklegomai (ek, out) + (lego, call, name) = to choose, select someone (Luk 6:13; Jn 13:18; 15:16, 19; Act 1:2); the elect (chosen) (Mk 13:20), Biblical Doctrine of Election (A&G); human choice (Acts 1:24); the good part Lk 10:42; places of honor Lk 14:7
a. Jesus chosen as Son of God Lk 9:35
b. Elect to privilege (1 Cor 1:27; Eph 1:4; Js 2:5)
c. Israel chosen (Dt 4:37; 10:15; Ac 13:17)
d. None perished except Judas (Jn 17:12 (ref. v. 6))
e. Apostles chosen Acts 10:41, procheirotoneo, (pro, before) + (cheir, hand) + (teino, stretch out) = to choose or appoint beforehand
f. Note: Neg. question in Gk implies a positive answer. The strategic negative, ou, indicates a definite, Sovereign decision with no room for error.
- "twelve" - number for authority Jesus chose all twelve, including Judas Iscariot.
B. "Yet, one from among you is the devil"
- A metaphor meaning that Judas is under the power of the devil, acting as an agent for Satan (Luk 22:3; Jn 13:2, 27).
71 Judas Iscariot
But He meant Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot; for you see, this one from among the Twelve was about to betray Him.
A. "But He meant Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot"
Judah (Hebr.), Judas (Gk.)
- Simon (Jn 13:2); Hebrew Sime`on (Gen 49:5) (Simeon) = offspring of hyena and wolf (BDB)
- Iscariot (Jn 13:26); men of Kerioth (Strong), where men refers to strong men or nobles and Kerioth means a city (in S. Judah and Moab) (Strong 7152).
a. Judas the betrayer (Mt 10:4; 26:14, 25, 47; 27:3; Mk 3:19; 14:10, 42, 44; Lk 6:16, prodotes; 22:3, 48; J 12:4; 13:26-27; 18:2, 5; Ac 1:16, 25) (A&G)
b. Judas -
Alabaster vial (Matt 26:6-13; Mk 14:3-9; Jn 12:3-8)
Reversionism (Acts 1:25)
Conspiracy (Matt 26:14-16, 20-25; Mk 14:10-11)
Possessed by Satan (Luk 22:3; Jn 13:2, 27)
Betrayal (Matt 26:47; Mark 14:43; Luke 22:47; John 18:3)
Perished (Jn 17:12)
Suicide (Matt 27:3-10; Acts 1:16-20)