Stomach (Belly) (X-axis)

    Hebrew beten (/f#B#) (Prov 13:25; 18:8; 26:22)
    Greek koilia (koiliva) (Rom 16:18; Phil 3:19)

The stomach is often called the "belly."  It is the Hebrew beten and the Greek koilia.  It is erroneously translated "body" (Proverbs 18:8; 26:22) and "appetite" (Rom 16:18; Phil 3:19) in the New American Standard.


Bowels (Intestines) (Y-axis)

The emotions of the Y-axis include the bowels (intestines), the womb, entrails (inward parts), and the liver.

  1. Intestines, bowels, belly, Hebrew me`eh ( hu#m@) (2 Sa 20:10; Job 30:27; Psa 22:14; SOS 5:4; Isa 16:11; Jer 4:19; Lam 1:20); anthropopathism (Isa. 63:15, Jer. 31:20)
  2. Affection, Greek splagchnon (splavgcnon) (Prov 12:10; Acts 1:18, literal; Lk 1:78; 2 Cor 6:12; 7:15; Phil 1:8; 2:1; Col 3:12; Philem 12, 20; 1 Jn 3:17)
  3. Womb (compassion), Hebrew rachamim (<m!j^r*) (Gen 43:30; 1 Ki 3:26; Prov 12:10)

  4. Greek  e[nteron (enteron) = intestine (Gen 43:30)
    Greek  mhvtra (metra) = womb (1 Ki 3:26)
    Greek  oijktirmov" (oiktirmos) = pity, mercy, compassion (Phil 2:1; Col 3:12) (of God, Ps 25:6; 40:11; Isa 63:15)
  5. Entrails, inward parts (thought, emotion), Hebrew qereb (br#q#) (Psa 5:9; 49:11; 64:6; 103:1; Isa 16:11), (Psa 55:4; 62:4; 94:19; 109:22; Prov 26:24; Jer 9:8) (Prov 14:33, use corrected translation)
  6. Liver - Hebrew kabed (db@K*) from Arabic, large, thick in the middle; Aramaic, be angry, because the liver was regarded as seat of emotions; (Prov 7:23, literal; Lam 2:11, liver poured out in sin unto death; Ezek 21:21, divination) - symbolizes lust that leads to pain of the sin unto death.

Kidneys (Z-axis)

Kidneys (Hebrew kilejah (hy*l=K!)):  the kidneys include the adrenal glands, (Job 16:13; 19:27; Psalm 7:9; 16:7; 26:2-3; 73:21-22; Proverbs 23:16; Jer. 11:20; 12:2; 17:10; 20:12; Lamentations 3:13)

Greek nephros (nefrov") (Rev. 2:23)


Heart (Time axis)

Heart; right lobe, Hebrew leb (bl#).   The right lobe is the sounding board and interpreter of the emotions (refreshment, Gen 18:5;  love, Deut 6:5, Judg 16:15; happiness, 1 Sa 2:1; comfort, Isa 40:2; sadness, Neh 2:2; heartbroken, Psa 34:18; contempt, 2 Sa 6:16, Prov 5:12; envy, Prov 23:17; anger, Prov 19:3; pride, 2 Chron 26:16; confidence, Psa 27:3; Prov 31:11; sorrow and grief, Prov 13:12; 14:13; lamentation, Isa 15:5, Lam 2:19, Hos 7:14; despair, Eccl 2:20; stubborn and rebellious, Jer 5:23) (fear:  Gen 42:28; Deut 28:65; 1 Sa 4:13; 17:32; 28:5; Psa 40:12; Isa 35:4; Josh 14:8; Jer 4:9).  The physical heart beats to the rhythm of the emotions of the right lobe (1 Sa 25:37, death; Psa 38:10, palpitation).  Good emotion heals the body and bad emotion destroys it (Psa 16:9; 84:3; Prov 12:18; 14:30).

The heart as the inner, middle, or central part, Hebrew lebab (bb*l#)  (bitterness, Psa 73:21; happiness, Psa 104:15; heartbroken, Psa 109:16)

To unheart; to wound the heart through violent affection, Hebrew labab (bb^l*) subdue/capture the heart (SOS 4:9); deprive of understanding or judgment (Job 11:12)

Double-hearted - refers to a deceitful person with a self-righteous facade; the end result is a split personality (Psa 12:2), corresponding to the Greek dipsuchos (divyuco") (double-souled, Jas 1:8, 4:8).

Body Parts Not in Scripture

There are also parts of the body used for the emotion that do not appear in the original languages of scripture.  These include the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, and pancreas.

Pituitary (Time axis)

The pituitary gland is the master clock, which regulates other hormonal processes in the adrenals, thyroid, and gonads.  It secretes oxytocin,  antidiuretic hormone (ADH, or vasopressin), growth hormone, prolactin, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone (THS), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), endorphins.

Oxytocin stimulates contractions of the uterus and enhances bonding.  Bonding includes mother child, males and females in orgasm, and trust in other people.

Thyroid (Time axis)

The thyroid gland is the secondary clock, which regulates body metabolism, body temperature, heart rate, calcium level in the blood, and calcium absorption by the bones.  It releases thyroxine based upon the release of Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH) from the pituitary.  Thyroxine controls metabolic rate by regulating cellular oxygen consumption.

Hyperthyroidism - overactive thyroid symptoms:  anxiety and tension, impatience and irritability, distractible overactivity, hypersensitivity to noise, and fluctuating depression, and problems with sleep and the appetite. In extreme cases, symptoms may be like schizophrenia with loss of touch with reality, delirium, and hallucination.

Hypothyroidism - underactive thyroid symptoms:  progressive loss of interest and initiative, slowing of mental processes, poor short-term memory, loss of vivacity, intellectual deterioration, depression and paranoia, and even dementia.1


Pancreas (X-axis)

The pancreas secretes insulin and glucagon to control blood glucose level and secretes enzymes that break down fat, starch and proteins in the small intestine.  Emotion linked to the pancreas includes fuel for attachment, e.g. to prevent disconnects or rejection in relationships.



1.  Thyroid Foundation of Canada,  http://www.thyroid.ca

Released January 8, 2011 - Revised Sept. 26, 2011

Author: Larry Wood
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