Astrology Chart Basics

General Description
Chart Details
Ruling Planets

General DescriptionTropical Storm Barry

Astrology charts are circular plots of the positions of the ten planets (Sun, Moon, and 8 planets) in the signs of the zodiac.  The Earth is assumed to be in the center.  The path of the Sun takes it around the circle through each sign during the course of the year.  The signs of the zodiac are shown along the outer periphery of the chart, which is divided into 30-degree sections, one for each sign.  The planets are shown inside the signs.  The inside of the chart is usually divided into a second set of 30-degree sections, which are called houses.  These houses have no meaning in Biblical Astrology.  There is no basis for attaching worldly meanings to the houses.  For the purposes of Biblical Astrology, they can be ignored.

A sample chart of the Landfall of Tropical Storm Barry in Tampa, Florida is shown.  The signs and planets are highlighted with illustrations to assist the beginner.  The symbols for the signs and planets are usually plotted by computer programs.  So, it will be necessary to memorize the meanings of the symbols.  Notice the horizontal line that runs through the middle of the chart labeled ASC.  It means Ascendant and points to the sign rising above the horizon at the time associated with the chart.  The chart begins at the location labeled Ascendant.  The order of the signs in the chart run counterclockwise.  In a Birth Chart, the Ascendant is the sign of the zodiac that was rising over the horizon at the exact time of birth.  It reveals how others perceive the individual.  Now, the Ascendant is not the real person, but how that person perceives and reacts in the world as well as how others see the person.  At the Second Advent the glory of the Lord will be revealed from the East, the place of rising of the Sun (the Ascendant) (Isa 59:19), and the Lord will stay on the Earth in His glory.

Opposite the Ascendant is the Descendant Sign, the place of setting (Psa 50:1).  The Descendant Sign is the sign that is setting, or going down, in the West.

Near the top of the chart, Midheaven is labeled as MC (Latin Medium Coeli).  Midheaven corresponds to highest heaven or highest glory, like the Sun at noon.  God's Throne and his glory is above the heavens (Psa 113:4, 5).  This symbolizes being above Midheaven.  God's glory is above the highest glory of Creation.

The life of the doctrinal believer is symbolized by the Sun rising at the Ascendant at birth, advancing to Midheaven in maximum glory, and descending to the Descendant in Dying Grace.

Proverbs 4:18
But the path of the Righteous is like the light of dawn
That shines brighter and brighter until the noonday.

The Righteous is the doctrinal believer who has a little light at the dawn of his Spiritual life at Salvation.  His light grows like the Sun advancing to Midheaven at noonday.  "Noon" is the Hebrew kun, which means fixed, steady, referring to noon, when the Sun seems to stand still in the sky without moving at its highest point in its course in the sky.  This is when the Sun is directly overhead, at its zenith, in Midheaven.  Midheaven symbolizes glorification of God to the maximum at Spiritual Rapport (Job 11:17; Eph 3:19).

The opposite of Midheaven is called IC (Latin Imum Coeli, for "bottom of heaven" or "bottom of the world") (not printed on the chart).  IC may refer to Sheol, the grave, or Hades, the opposite of Heaven (Job 10:21; 26:6; 38:17; Matt 16:18).  IC corresponds to devouring or swallowing as symbols of death, going to the grave, or Sheol (Nu 16:34; Psa 21:9; 27:2; 52:4; Prov 1:12; Jer 15:3).  Just as swallowing symbolizes the grave, words that come up from the throat can symbolize words from the grave (death) (Psa 5:9).

Unlike the Righteous believer who walks in the Spiritual light, the unbeliever and the reversionistic believer walk in darkness as symbolized by the Sun after it sets on the Descendant and enters twilight, then the evening night darkness, and goes down to the Bottom of Heaven (IC) at midnight (Prov 4:19; 7:9).  The unbeliever and reversionistic believer go down to the grave (IC) under dying discipline of the Sin Leading to Death.

Paul's general description of four dimensions of a Christian's Spiritual understanding applies to a person standing on the Earth and looking into the heavens.  This is the description of an astrology chart.  Paul prays that the Christian:

may be able to comprehend with all the saints what is the breadth and length and height and depth, (Ephesians 3:18)
The phrase is left without an object in a discussion of the Love of Christ for rhetorical effect.  The four dimensions could apply to the Ark of the Covenant, which symbolizes Christ our all and in all, as well as God's Love.  It could refer to the Integrity Envelope or Edification Complex of the Soul.  It could refer to the standard of the Spiritual Maturity or Spiritual Rapport of Jesus Christ (Ephesians 4:13), but it also refers to an astrology chart, which reveals God's creation.

"Breadth and length" represent surface dimension of a plot on the Earth, where breadth could be the North-South dimension and length could be the East-West dimension.  This is similar to a Mystic Rectangle.  "Height" refers to Midheaven (MC), and "depth" refers to the bottom of the world (IC).

Other markings can be plotted on astrology charts such as lunar nodes and other heavenly bodies, such as asteroids.  However, these extra complications are usually not very helpful, especially for beginners.  So they will not be included in our discussion.


Groupings of planets that produce basic geometric shapes, like triangles, squares, and stars, are called configurations.  Configurations are symbols that have special meaning in the chart.  The configurations in the chart of Tropical Storm Barry are a Yod, a Plow, and a Kite.  A Yod is a Hebrew letter, y, that symbolizes the right hand with the index finger pointing.  It symbolizes the Finger of God and represents a brief time of opportunity, like striking when the iron is hot or taking decisive action.  The Plow is a right triangle composed of two planets directly opposite, which resolve opposition by focusing it on the third planet at right angles.  The Plow symbolizes an attempt to plow a person under or stab him with a spear.Kite  A Kite represents blessing from the victory of Christ on the Cross.  The Kite symbolizes Christ on the Cross as He was suspended between Heaven and Earth as the Mediator (John 3:14; 12:32).  The Kite also symbolizes a bird flying between Heaven and Earth bearing the sign of the Cross.  The Kite, however, does not refer to the Judgment of the Cross but to the grace blessing that followed.  The individual with a Kite has capacity for life and the ability to soar above the problems of life and fly like a bird while others are stuck on the ground under the circumstances of life.  People with a Kite have more stability, greater flexibility, more happiness and productivity, and an easier walk through life than others.

The secret of reading a chart is to find and understand the configurations in it.  The legitimate question is how close to the angles of the geometric shapes have to be.  For example, how close would the angles of the right triangle have to be to 45 and 90 degrees?  The technical term for an angle in a configuration is called an Aspect and the allowed variation is called the orb.  The allowed orb is a judgment call.  An orb within 2 degrees is considered accurate and not subject to argument.  However, orbs up to 5 degrees may be acceptable for configuration angles of 60 degrees or over; whereas, only a 3 degree variation might be allowed for configuration angles of 30 degrees.  A configuration may still have influence even when it is not perfectly formed.

The Cusp

There is also an orb of influence associated with the beginning and end of signs.  The signs of the zodiac do not cover exactly 30 degrees each.  On the border between two signs, called the cusp, both signs have influence.  The rule of thumb is that the orb of influence between signs begins about 2 degrees from the border.  Within 1 degree is definitely on the cusp, which is an indeterminate location where it is really impossible to predict what the influence would be.  The two adjacent sign may add, subtract, multiply, divide.  Who knows?  So care must be taken not to draw irrational conclusions when planets are on the cusp.


Planets within 2 or 3 degrees of each other are said to be in conjunction.  However, the orb of influence could stretch out to 5 or 6 degrees.  Planets in conjunction combine to produce a powerful influence.Tropical Storm Barry

Chart Details

The details of the Astrology Chart for Tropical Storm Barry are shown in the illustration.  The date, time, and geographical coordinates are given at the top right.  Notice that it is a Sidereal chart, which gives the true positions of the planets.  The Fagan/Bradley tables of planetary positions was used.  On the right center are the beginning locations of the houses, which, as already stated, are not used in Biblical Astrology.

The right bottom of the chart shows the beginning locations of each planet, beginning with the Sun and Moon.  The Sun is located at 16 degrees 47 minutes into Taurus.  Note, this assumes counterclockwise movement.  Going counterclockwise around the chart, Taurus begins at 0 degrees and ends at 30 degrees.  The Ascendant begins at 19 degrees 50 minutes into Gemini.  And Midheaven is 8 degrees 36 minutes into Pisces.

Retrograde Motion

Sometimes planets appear to be going backward in the sky.  This is called retrograde motion, as designated by the R to the right of the planet's sign on the right side of the main chart.  Although retrograde planets are not really going backward, they appear to do so because of the motion of the Earth.  Nevertheless, retrograde motion can be a sign of the person going backward, which is called reversionism.  In the chart of Tropical Storm Barry, the Almighty, Redeemer, and Last Adam planets are in retrograde.

The problems of reversionism associated with retrograde motion are not the last word.  These problems can be overcome by the Grace of God.  Overcoming reversionism is a common problem of most believers born into the devil's world.  The exception would be someone like Solomon who received blessing because of the Spiritual Maturity of his father.  When God gives a person such problems at birth, He also provides the Grace solution.  Being aware of the specific planets that could pose problems of reversionism might help.  Having a planet in retrograde is not a prediction of failure but an indication of a problem area that must be overcome.

Ruling PlanetsZodiac Tribes

The planets have meanings that correspond to the signs.  When the meaning of a planet closely matches the meaning of the sign, that planet is said to rule the sign or be at home in the sign.  The ruling planets are shown with their signs in the illustration.  The planets are in the yellow inner concentric circle and the signs are in the blue concentric circle.  The Sun and Moon do not rule any single sign.
  1. Dan is symbolized by Libra, which is ruled by the Ringed Planet, which symbolizes the God of the Covenants.1
  2. Reuben is symbolized by Capricornus, which is ruled by the Redeemer planet.  The Goat was sacrificed for unlimited atonement, which represents redemption from the slave market of sin.
  3. The Levitical Priests, who interceded for man before God, is symbolized by Pisces, which is ruled by the Mediator.
  4. Aries is ruled by the Morning Star, since the return of the Lord Jesus Christ with His armies at the Second Advent is a military deployment.
  5. Taurus, the large bull for the fat of the land, is ruled by the large planet, the Almighty God.
  6. Gemini, the sign that symbolizes Adam and the woman in the Garden, is ruled by the Last Adam.
  7. Leo, the Lion of Judah, is ruled by the Red Planet, which symbolizes the Blood of Christ, who was a High Priest from the Tribe of Judah.
  8. Virgo is ruled by the Savior planet, which the Virgin Birth of the perfect humanity of Jesus Christ, who became the Savior of the world.


The hemispheres of the Astrology Chart have special meaning that must not be overlooked.  The chart may be divided into northern and southern hemispheres or eastern and western hemispheres.  Now charts are plotted with top being south and left being east.  This may appear backward at first, but the east is the place of rising.  Therefore, if east is on the left, then proceeding toward the west, south will be toward the top and north toward the bottom.  Knowing the orientation of the chart makes it possible to define the meanings of the hemispheres.
North South
The top (southern) hemisphere of the chart is in daylight, while the bottom (northern) hemisphere is in the dark of night.  Therefore, the top hemisphere is associated with light and the bottom with dark.  Light and dark become metaphors with a multitude of meanings.  Light can symbolize the visible and dark the invisible.  The ego is an expression of light.  A person is letting his light shine.  However, the inner person of the soul, which is a person's true identity, is invisible (hidden).  Light and dark can take on many meanings, such as extrovert/introvert, public/private, overt/hidden, and physical/soulish.

The chart begins on the left at the Ascendant, the place of rising.  Moving around the chart clockwise, the place of setting is on the right opposite the Ascendant.  It is usually called the Descendant.  At the top of the chart is Midheaven, which is labeled MC.  MC is Latin for Medium Coeli, meaning the middle of the skies.  Midheaven at the moment of birth is the point where the Ecliptic crosses the meridian of the location of birth.  This is the point that symbolizes maximum glory.  This point corresponds to a person's greatest glory.  A planet in conjunction with Midheaven is often the sign of fame, sensation, or notoriety.  The opposite of Midheaven is called IC (Latin Imum Coeli, for "bottom of heaven" or "bottom of the world") (Isaiah 7:11).  IC may refer to Hades, the opposite of Heaven, or to Sheol, the grave.
East West
The left (eastern) hemisphere of the chart is the spiritual side.  This corresponds to the meaning of east and to the right side of a person.  The right (western) hemisphere of the chart is the temporal side.  Thus, the spiritual and temporal designations are not unique to astrology.  They correspond to typical definitions of east and west or right and left.  The word, spiritual, is general and may refer to the realm beyond the physical, which includes the Spirit of God, the Cosmic System, the soul, imagination, the arts, entertainment, dreams.  The right (western) hemisphere, in contrast, covers authority, laws of establishment, work, physical relationships, social life, and even personal and impersonal love relationships.

The application of the definitions of the hemispheres helps to explain charts in which a majority of planets are grouped in one hemisphere.  When 7 or more planets fall in one hemisphere, then the meaning of that hemisphere becomes significant.  Although the influence of the hemisphere may be seen from 6 planets in the hemisphere, 7 or 8 planets in the hemisphere makes a much stronger case.  There are also cases in which all the planets fall in a single quadrant (half a hemisphere).  In these cases, the meaning is derived from combining the meanings of the two hemispheres in the quadrant.  This is more complicated, but once the meanings of the hemispheres are firmly understood, it should be possible to grasp the meanings of the quadrants.



1.  Larry Wood.  God of the Covenants.

Released February 5, 2010 - Revised March 31, 2019

Author: Larry Wood
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